There are many different types of tennis courts including grass, clay, concrete (hard court) or a synthetic suspended court. The court is 23.78 metres long, width 8.23metres for singles matches and 10.97metres for double matches. The service line is 6.40metres from the net. There is also clear space around the court for the players to reach over run balls. The net is 1.07metres at the posts and 0.914 high in the centre.
Grass courts are the fastest type of courts in common use. Grass courts consist of grass grown on very hard packed soil. The ball bounces differently on however healthy the grass is and how recently it has been mown and the wear and tear of recent. Points don’t take long because of how low the ball bounces. The grass courts are very important to serve and volley players. The serve and volley players can take advantage of serving the ball and coming to net and cutting off the angle which leaves the other play with no time to reach the low bouncing ball.
Clay courts are made up of crushed shale, stone or brick. The red clay is slower than the green. The French open uses clay courts not like the other 3 grand slams.
The clay courts slow down the ball and have a high bounce when compared to hard courts and grass courts. This is because there is more friction pushing against the ball horizontal path. Clay courts are much cheaper to construct than other types of courts but the maintenance costs of a clay surface are higher than hard courts.
Hard courts are normally made of asphalt, this is a very fast type of court this is where all the hard fast hitting players have the slight advantage. The court can very from speed depending on how much sand is added to the paint but this court is considered the most equal style of court for all types of players. The Australian open is played on synthetic hard court and the US Open is played on acrylic hard court. The main difference between a synthetic hard court and a true hard court surface is the level of hardness of the court. When the ball bounces on the hard court it is a lot faster than all the other types of courts if there is not much sand added to the top paint.